Tree Planting

Historically, up to 98% of PEI was covered in forest. Over time, forests were cleared away, and in many cases right to the stream banks. However, we now have buffer zones along our streams, allowing many of the areas cleared of trees to begin to regrow.

Kensington North Watersheds has planted many thousands of trees over the past decade. The majority of the trees are planted near streams to improve the riparian zone. Trees are beneficial to streams for several reasons including providing shade to the stream and lowering the temperature, stabilizing the stream banks with their roots, and providing habitat and food for other wildlife like birds and mammals.

Patch Cuts

Many of the streams in our area have had their trees completely cleared in the past and the trees that thrive in the the open and wet areas are alders. Small patches of trees are cut out of these areas, and a variety of other water tolerant trees are planted among them, such as red maple, white cedar or eastern larch.

The goal of patch cuts is that over time, the newly planted trees will grow up and shade over the alders. When alders don’t have access to light, they will die back, returning the area to a more diverse mix of tree species.

These alders were cut down and some maples, cedar, larch and yellow birch were planted.

Where necessary, trees have been provided with tree guards to prevent mouse browsing, and cardboard mulch to prevent grass and weeds from growing around the tree and overwhelming them.

Before and after tree planting in an open area near a stream.

Tree Search

TreeSoil MoistureShade Tolerance
Black SpruceWet - DryFull Sun
Eastern HemlockMoist - Well-DrainedShade - Part Shade
Eastern LarchWet - DryFull Sun
Eastern White CedarWet - DryPart Shade - Full Sun
Red PineMoist - DryFull Sun
White PineWet - Well-DrainedPart Shade - Full Sun
White SpruceMoist - DryFull Sun
Mountain AshWell-DrainedPart Shade - Full Sun
Red MapleWet - Well-DrainedFull Sun
Red OakMoist - Well-DrainedFull Sun
Sugar MapleMoist-Well-DrainedShade - Full Sun
Trembling AspenWet - DryFull Sun
White AshMoist - DryFull Sun
White BirchMoist - Well-DrainedPart Shade - Full Sun
Yellow BirchMoist - Well-DrainedPart Shade - Full Sun